With the summer fruit season at its bountiful peak, Helaf of Melo HaTene Orchards is offering a special “family size” summer box filled with 4-5 varieties of fresh, delectable organic fruit. These expanded boxes contain fruit quantities suitable for five.
Helaf grows a wide variety of fruits, including some that are rarely found on the market. Today’s pick of the orchard includes raspberries, mulberries, apricots, apples, avocados, peaches, cherries, papaya, figs, pitanga, passion fruit, and more.
Note that Melo HaTene fruit boxes are available in three sizes: small, large, and family size (extra large). Order them now to be delivered along with your Chubeza vegetable boxes.
Last month, Rachel Talshir wrote in rave praise of Helaf’s special place at Moshav Karmei Yosef, neighbors of Chubeza – just over the hill. Here is a link (Hebrew)\
A sweet and healthy Bon Appetite!
There was once a woman, let’s call her Helen Who made her home in a watermelon She brought in two stools, a chair and a broom, Carved out a window and a living room, Bought a cat to catch mice which she named Grover But all of a sudden… the season was over…
(Nurit Zarchi. Translated by Aliza Raz)
I have a sneaking suspicion that this woman living in the watermelon is actually residing in Chubeza, though it’s hard to imagine her fitting all of her belongings into our small fruits. Yet, the feeling of the watermelon season ending so abruptly is too familiar to me. It really is a short season–approximately a month– so before it ends, we wanted you to know a few facts about the wonderful watermelon. This week’s Newsletter is green and red all over…
The watermelon requires a great deal of heat, a throwback to its origins in South Africa and the Kalahari Desert. In the desert, the watermelon, which contains over 90% water, was an important and vital source of liquid to man and wild animals. The difficulty of choosing a good watermelon is an old story. In its wild form, the sweet watermelon is identical on the outside to a bitter watermelon, which is why the thirsty passerby would punch a hole in the watermelon rind to check its taste.
From South Africa, the watermelon spread to all of Africa, and was cultivated in Egypt over 4,000 years ago. Ancient Egyptians drew depictions of watermelons to decorate sarcophagi and cave walls, and they would leave a watermelon near the dead to nourish them on their journey to the New World. The Hebrews knew it from Egypt, reminiscing, “We remember the fish, which we did eat in Egypt freely; the cucumbers, and the melons…”
From North Africa, the watermelon entered the Middle East where it grew well and was even mentioned in the Mishna. It arrived in China in the 10th century, and today China is the champion watermelon grower, followed closely by Turkey and Iran. In the 13th century, the Moors brought it with them to Europe, along with other plants they met in Africa and Asia. The watermelon arrived in America with the black slaves, as well as the settlers arriving from Europe.
Chubeza’s love affair with watermelons started with naiveté, pretentiousness, and… failure. During my last year in California, just before I established Chubeza, I raised red, orange and yellow watermelons (the inside colors) in the farm of Joe Perry, my mentor. We had nice success with the yields, and I was under the impression that growing watermelon would be simple, so I added watermelon to our crop list. The first year, the watermelons simply did not grow, and we only picked a few dozen from our fancy beds. Fortunately, back in 2004, our entire clientele also numbered a few dozen, so they received the watermelons as planned (which, admittedly, weren’t too sweet). One of the main reasons for this failure was the timing. I seeded watermelons like in California, at the end of spring. Yet springtime in Israel is fraught with viruses and disease, particularly among the cucurbit family to which our watermelon friend belongs.
After taking a hiatus of several years, gaining experience with cucurbits and their viruses, we made a second watermelon attempt five years ago. This time we seeded earlier and harvested a larger yield. A year later we did even better, and three years ago we dared to plant seedless watermelon plants. This sort of watermelon-growing is more complex than raising a standard seed-filled watermelon, for we are essentially trying to fight nature. The mission of every fruit and vegetable is to reproduce and generate offspring (seeds). Man, meanwhile, is bent on getting rid of the seeds, and not by spitting them out: human beings had grown weary of seeded fruits and set out to develop seedless varieties. Actually, a seedless watermelon does contain some tiny seeds, however most are transparent as well as infertile. You must admit this is strange, to try to develop a fruit which cannot produce seeds or offspring. On one hand, a vast scientific effort is being placed upon refining and improving human fertilization via IVF, freezing embryos and sperm, surrogates, etc., while simultaneously we are encouraging sterility for the fruits.
So how do these “seedless” watermelons work? Regular watermelon seeds are diploid seeds, i.e., containing two sets of X chromosomes. Those used in order to produce seedless watermelons are tetraploid, possessing four sets of X chromosomes. Seedless watermelon seeds have a harder than average shell, which is why it is more difficult to grow the melons from seeds. In most cases, they are planted as transplants that were started in the nursery under controlled conditions. The tetraploid seeds sprout and become plants that will generate leaves and flowers but no fruit, unless they’re fertilized from flowers of a regular seeded watermelon. Therefore, you must plant one plant of regular watermelons for every three-four plants of seedless ones. During pollination, each seed contributes half of its chromosomes: 1+2, resulting in a fruit whose seeds are tetraploid, possessing three sets of chromosomes. This number disrupts the seed’s ability to reproduce, and ultimately sterilizes it. Thus we receive a fruit which is juicy and sturdier than its seeded friends, but it evolved from the “virgin propagation” of an unfertilized cell. It’s called “a Parthenocarpic fruit,” in essence, the mule of the botanical world.
Watermelons are also loved by animals and, of course, birds. Over the past several years that we’ve returned to growing watermelons, we’ve sacrificed a goodly amount to the sweet-tooth beaks of blackbirds and the teeth of marauding jackals. We protect our fruits with a vengeance, otherwise, we find them looking like this:
Which is when we cover the bed with a bird’s net to allow us to enjoy the wonderful treat of this sweet, red, juicy delight.
Watermelon is a healing fruit. Its large water content cleanses the body, making watermelon juice highly recommended for those suffering from bladder and liver deficiencies. It is also beneficial for cleansing the kidneys. Watermelon even helps to clean the body of cigarette smoke- -highly recommended for active and passive smokers.
Traditional Yemenite folk cures use watermelon seeds to rid bad breath and stains from the teeth and mouth. Crush the seeds well, immerse them in water, and then strain for a super mouthwash. In Iraq, the watermelon rind is used to treat fungal infections. Lybian Jews are known to rub their skin with watermelon rind to lighten age spots. Watermelon contains vitamin A in the form of Carotenoid, vitamin C, and vitamins from the B group as well (B1 and B2). It is low in nitrogen and high in potassium.
Further information about the nutritional and therapeutic virtues of our round, red, delicious friend can be found here (Hebrew).
Now, here’s how to select a ripe, sweet watermelon:
– We pick the watermelon at its ripest, when the tendril near the stem dries up. But when choosing a watermelon at the stand, see if you can determine whether the stem is a little dry, indicating that the watermelon wasn’t picked while green.
– The part that comes in contact with the ground changes its color to yellow, so you should look for a yellow spot on one of the watermelon sides.
– And the most mysterious signal of all: if you tap on the fruit, you will hear a dim sound reverberating back to you.
How to store a watermelon:
The best temperature to store a watermelon is 12° C, but at room temperature (23°) the watermelon can be kept for a week to 10 days. A watermelon left out at room temperature for too long will lose its taste and change its texture.
It is not recommended to freeze a watermelon or store it in the cooler compartments of your fridge. Overexposure to cold can cause frostbite, taking a toll on the watermelon’s taste and making the inside soft and powdery. To store it after opening, wrap in plastic wrap and store at a temperature of 3-4°.
And once you have that excellent watermelon, slice it, add mint and feta cheese, and sit back and enjoy this spectacular summer treat, while reading a collection of surprising, interesting and humorous facts about watermelons (Hebrew)
Enjoy the watermelons, our modest contribution towards the joys of a beautiful summer!
Our best vacation wishes to the high school students already on summer break, and to the younger students who bid farewell to school this week.
May we all enjoy a “watermelon” vacation: sweet, juicy, and the kind which is a pleasure to share with friends!
Alon, Bat Ami, Dror, Yochai and the Chubeza team
WHAT’S IN THIS WEEK’S BOXES?
Monday: Eggplant/zucchini, corn, New Zealand spinach/basil, lettuce, tomatoes, green/yellow beans, potatoes, watermelon, cucumbers/fakus, parsley/coriander/mint. Small boxes only: parsley root
Large box, in addition: Onions/scallions, pumpkin/ butternut squash, cherry tomatoes, melon
Wednesday: corn, watermelon, cucumbers/fakus, New Zealand spinach/Swiss chard, parsley/coriander, tomatoes, green/yellow beans, melon/acorn squash, slice of pumpkin/butternut squash, eggplant/zucchini. Small boxes only: parsley root
Large box, in addition: Onions/scallions, cherry tomatoes, lettuce, potatoes